Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of apparel originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but often also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[3] Much more usually, pajamas could seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of fashion and content.

The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the globe usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging attire" as early as being the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they soon fell away from style. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first 50 percent from the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain along with the Western environment as sleeping attire for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is utilized by many individuals in India e.g. by Girls of assorted classes, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of pidzame night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good several Other people from the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London outlets. A friend furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty decades back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was at times the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it can be as a result of White Ants."[10]


Conventional pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers mixture made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Many individuals opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys are often bought as separates.

In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas tend to be called PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally called night time fits.

Some pajamas feature a fall seat (also referred pidzame to as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats were very common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but from the early twenty-very first century They are really instead exceptional.

Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are lots of versions in model such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.

Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they pidzame have got in some cases bundled the latter as a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of short costume major around shorts or shorter trousers.[18]

Pajamas could right now consult with Females's combination daywear, specifically in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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